So here they are–all the blanks you might have missed during JAQ because we talked too fast, we forgot to mention them, or we were just so jaw-droppingly compelling that you dropped your pen.
Most likely it was one of the first two. Enjoy.
See p. 60 of the workbook for Kingdom in the Bible timeline
Blessed or Cursed
the Angel of the Lord
2. Blessing: “God Hears”
3. Blessing: Wild donkey=freedom (Job 39.5-8)
4. Blessing: Involved in/participating in the lives of his brother’s descendants
5. Paran, which is east of Isaac’s land
Hagar’s response is gratitude
Isaac receives the promise/Ishmael receives the promise
Paran is to the east of Isaac
sons of Ishmael
God has a plan for Ishmael’s people
p. 18 Shame/honor
The table=ummah—worldwide community of Muslim believers
The seat=honor, the idea of being welcomed and lifted up in the eyes of the community
Leg 1=family name, this is the crown of honor, a Muslim will fight and even die for the honor of his family name
Leg 2=Arabic. It is the heavenly language, honored worldwide wherever Islam is practiced.
Leg 3=Islam. The Qur’an and the Hadith are held in extremely high regard, as are some of the traditions and folk Islamic beliefs.
Leg 4=Bedouin Intangibles. Maintaining your generosity, courage, hospitality, and the sexual purity of your family’s women are of highest importance.
Kicking at the chair (attacking points of honor)=1. Anything that insults Arabic, Islam, or shows a lack of honor/hospitality/courage etc. 2. Shirk (the most severe); it is officially associating other gods with God, by extension it includes forsaking Islam for another religion. Those who commit shirk do something so shameful that they are considered dead to the Islamic ummah.
Matt 23.15, Acts 2.10, Acts 6.5, and Acts 13.43 all contain the Greek word “proseleutos,” forms the basis of our modern word “proselyte” and refers specifically to changing religion. In these instances, that phrase refers strictly to those who have changed religion to Judaism.
Romans 16.5 and 1 Cor 16.15 use the Greek word “aparquee,” which literally means “first fruits”
Acts 15.3 uses the Greek word “epistrepho,” which literally means “turning” or “repentance”
Jesus did not come to establish a new religion but to invite the entire world to repentance and spiritual rebirth
Click here for link to KOG Circle explanation
Similarities: worship one God, avoid images, sense of being chosen people, committed to law, circumcision, and festivals, expectation of glorious destiny
Differences: had their own priesthood, their own worship practice, their own Scripture (Samaritan Pentateuch)
Samaritanism was a completely different religion
Engages spiritual conversation
Uses Samaritan language
Moves above “religion”
Points to Himself
She returns to her Umma/Oikos/Community and it is totally transformed
Disciples learn to respond to what God already is doing
Epilogue=Decapolis, 4000 people
1. Devout/Fears God
2. Gives to poor
4. Not completely clear about God
1. Jewish/keeping the purity law
2. Learning how to cross cultures
3. Talks about Jesus
God shows No partiality
They can remain in
3. religious devotion
4. cultural identity
Elohim – Hebrew
Alaha – Aramaic
Allah – Arabic
1. God/tawaffa=die/”pass away”
Who is Jesus is the most important question
1. Allah/Tawrat = Old Testament/Zabur = Psalms/Injeel = New Testament
Islamic Theology=The composite teachings of family, religious leaders, traditions, hadith, etc.
Qur’anic Theology=What the Qur’an actually says
(left to right) :: Common Muslim Belief/Islamic Commentaries/Qur’anic Theology/Biblical Theology/Christian Commentaries/Common Christian belief
Constantine legalized Christianity and made it the official religion of the Empire
Nicene Creed established orthodoxy, especially related to the Person of Christ
Expulsion of heresy occurred as a result of nationalized Christianity—many “Christians” with variant beliefs migrated/fled to the Arabian peninsula, which by the 6th century comprised a mixture of Jews, Hanifs, polytheistic Arab tribes, and “Christians” with varying beliefs.
Muhammad’s influences: Arab polytheists, heretic Christians, Jews, Abrahamic monotheists called Hanifs
The Qur’an addresses a number of heresies that had already been dealt with 300 years earlier during the age of great Christian councils, and we should learn to read it through the cultural lens of its time.
100 Glorious Years saw Islam expand throughout N. Africa, the Levant, and into Asia Minor in a rapid amount of time as the Roman Empire collapsed
Crusades, literally “war of the Cross,” were the West’s response to the 100 Glorious Years—retaking the “Holy Land” from the infidel menace
Constantinople fell to the Ottomans in 1453
Conflict marked the interaction between Muslims and Christians 1350s-1850s
Ataturk abolished the Ottoman caliphate in 1924, which many modern Muslim leaders (including bin Laden) have pointed to as a turning point of “Western Aggression”
Leadership has been largely absent in the Muslim world since the caliphate was abolished and many aspiring people have tried to take the “true leadership” (often times, however, they do not represent mainstream Islam)
The Gospel must address this history and this present and look forward to the future with peace in Jesus.